Hemlock (Western)

Specie Properties  -  read in conjunction with the General Notes

01. Common Name / s

West Coast Hemlock, Canada Pine, Hem Fir, Alaska Pine, Pacific Coast Hemlock

02. Botanical Name

Tsuga heterophylla

03. Primary Origin

North America from California to Alaska and east to Idaho and Montana.

04. Colour & Figure

Heartwood  –  has a pale cream colour.
Sapwood    –  little variation between heartwood and sapwood.
Figure        –  natural lustre with uniform attractive grain and even texture, attractive, delicate,                         dark grey streaks may also be apparent in the wood.

05. Density

Unseasoned  -  800 kg/m3
Seasoned      -  500 kg/m3        

06. Hardness

Janka Rating    -   2.6 - 3.0
Relative Rating -  Soft

07. Durability
  (above ground)

Only suitable for weather protected applications

08. Weather Exposed

Not suitable

09. Grade Options

Select Grade – premium timber that has a clean look with a few natural growth characteristics included. Ideal for use were appearance is of importance.             

10. Leaching

Not applicable

11. Thickness
  (finished dressed)

Imported sizes are limited and generally thicknesses up to 38mm are only available on normal lead times

12. Width
  (finished dressed)

Generally only widths up to 140mm are available in any volume with the majority of boards in the 38-65-90mm width range.

13. Length

Lengths imported are from 1.8M to 6.0M heavily in the length range from 2.4M to 4.2M in 300mm increments. Large volumes of set lengths and sizes requires some forward planning to eliminate supply delays.

14. Price Guide

Relative Cost - 83 Units  (compared to Western Red Cedar at 100 units)

15. Coating

Not applicable

16. Coating

Factory pre coating can be offered in UV cured lacquer for non-hard wearing areas, spray applied two pack polyurethane for hard wearing applications or oils for other applications.

17. Availability

As an imported timber some limitations to the availability of volumes of set lengths and certain demand sizes is inevitable. Availability should be checked at the time of tendering and followed up prior to project commencement to ensure lead times can be met.
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